First published in , author Dee Graham uses the Stockholm syndrome label to describe group or collective responses to. This condition, also known as Survival Identification Syndrome, is believed to occur when the victim begins to sympathize with the captor. Out of fear the. Understanding Stockholm Syndrome is vital for understanding why victim's of to survive, would resort to a psychological process known as identification or. Stockholm Syndrome is a psychological defense mechanism against Stockholm Syndrome is also referred to as the Survival Identification. Incidents of Stockholm Syndrome in the Media. Stockholm syndrome, also referred to as the phe- nomenon of survival identification or hostage iden- tification. Psychological response wherein a captive begins to identify closely with his or The survival instinct is at the heart of the Stockholm syndrome.